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PROPHYLAXIS FOR PNEUMOCYSTIS-CARINII PNEUMONIA - ITS IMPACT ON THE NATURAL-HISTORY OF HIV-INFECTION IN MEN WITH HEMOPHILIA

SABIN, CA; ELFORD, J; PHILLIPS, AN; JANOSSY, G; LEE, CA; (1995) PROPHYLAXIS FOR PNEUMOCYSTIS-CARINII PNEUMONIA - ITS IMPACT ON THE NATURAL-HISTORY OF HIV-INFECTION IN MEN WITH HEMOPHILIA. HAEMOPHILIA , 1 (1) 37 - 44.

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Abstract

It has been suggested that the range of AIDS-defining conditions witnessed in patients with HIV infection has changed since the early years of the HIV epidemic. In this paper we consider the range of AIDS-defining conditions in a cohort of 111 HIV-positive men with haemophilia registered at the Royal Free Hospital Haemophilia Centre. In particular we assess whether the incidence of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) has changed over time. The men were all infected between 1979 and 1985 after treatment with infected blood products and have now been followed prospectively for up to 13 years from HIV seroconversion. By the end of 1992, 44/111 patients had developed AIDS. Of the 44 men, 18 (41%) presented with PCP as their first AIDS-defining condition (ADC), mainly before the initiation of primary prophylaxis in 1989. The remaining 26 patients presented with a range of conditions as their first ADC, but there were no more than four cases in any one disease category. It is estimated that patients suffer from 0.7 further ADCs per year after being diagnosed with AIDS. After taking account of the increased levels of immunosuppression in the cohort with time, it appears that the incidence of PCP, both as the first ADC or as any ADC, has declined since the introduction of primary prophylaxis for the disease in 1989. However, non-compliance with prophylaxis for PCP appears to have played a major role in the continuing occurrence of PCP since 1988. Improvements in compliance with therapy should result in a further reduction in the incidence of PCP both as a first ADC and as any ADC.

Type: Article
Title: PROPHYLAXIS FOR PNEUMOCYSTIS-CARINII PNEUMONIA - ITS IMPACT ON THE NATURAL-HISTORY OF HIV-INFECTION IN MEN WITH HEMOPHILIA
Keywords: AIDS DEFINING CONDITIONS, HEMOPHILIA, HIV, NONCOMPLIANCE, PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINII PNEUMONIA, PROPHYLAXIS, IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS-INFECTION, AIDS PATIENTS, HEMOPHILIC COHORT, CONTROLLED TRIAL, SURVIVAL, ZIDOVUDINE, TRENDS, PENTAMIDINE, SPECTRUM, SARCOMA
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Infection and Population Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/106893
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