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Using theories of behaviour change to inform interventions for addictive behaviours

Webb, TL; Sniehotta, FF; Michie, S; (2010) Using theories of behaviour change to inform interventions for addictive behaviours. ADDICTION , 105 (11) 1879 - 1892. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03028.x.

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Abstract

Aims This paper reviews a set of theories of behaviour change that are used outside the field of addiction and considers their relevance for this field. Methods Ten theories are reviewed in terms of (i) the main tenets of each theory, (ii) the implications of the theory for promoting change in addictive behaviours and (iii) studies in the field of addiction that have used the theory. An augmented feedback loop model based on Control Theory is used to organize the theories and to show how different interventions might achieve behaviour change. Results Briefly, each theory provided the following recommendations for intervention: Control Theory: prompt behavioural monitoring, Goal-Setting Theory: set specific and challenging goals, Model of Action Phases: form 'implementation intentions', Strength Model of Self-Control: bolster self-control resources, Social Cognition Models (Protection Motivation Theory, Theory of Planned Behaviour, Health Belief Model): modify relevant cognitions, Elaboration Likelihood Model: consider targets' motivation and ability to process information, Prototype Willingness Model: change perceptions of the prototypical person who engages in behaviour and Social Cognitive Theory: modify self-efficacy. Conclusions There are a range of theories in the field of behaviour change that can be applied usefully to addiction, each one pointing to a different set of modifiable determinants and/or behaviour change techniques. Studies reporting interventions should describe theoretical basis, behaviour change techniques and mode of delivery accurately so that effective interventions can be understood and replicated.

Type: Article
Title: Using theories of behaviour change to inform interventions for addictive behaviours
DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03028.x
Keywords: Addiction, behaviour change, intervention, theory, HEALTH BELIEF MODEL, SELF-CONTROL STRENGTH, PROTECTION MOTIVATION THEORY, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY, SMOKING-CESSATION, PLANNED BEHAVIOR, FEAR APPEALS, IMPLEMENTATION INTENTIONS, LIMITED RESOURCE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/106333
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