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Bayesian super-resolution with application to radar target recognition

Lane, R.O.; (2008) Bayesian super-resolution with application to radar target recognition. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis is concerned with methods to facilitate automatic target recognition using images generated from a group of associated radar systems. Target recognition algorithms require access to a database of previously recorded or synthesized radar images for the targets of interest, or a database of features based on those images. However, the resolution of a new image acquired under non-ideal conditions may not be as good as that of the images used to generate the database. Therefore it is proposed to use super-resolution techniques to match the resolution of new images with the resolution of database images. A comprehensive review of the literature is given for super-resolution when used either on its own, or in conjunction with target recognition. A new superresolution algorithm is developed that is based on numerical Markov chain Monte Carlo Bayesian statistics. This algorithm allows uncertainty in the superresolved image to be taken into account in the target recognition process. It is shown that the Bayesian approach improves the probability of correct target classification over standard super-resolution techniques. The new super-resolution algorithm is demonstrated using a simple synthetically generated data set and is compared to other similar algorithms. A variety of effects that degrade super-resolution performance, such as defocus, are analyzed and techniques to compensate for these are presented. Performance of the super-resolution algorithm is then tested as part of a Bayesian target recognition framework using measured radar data.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Bayesian super-resolution with application to radar target recognition
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
Keywords:Automatic target recognition (ATR), Bayesian methods, classification, deconvolution, image restoration, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), point spread function (PSF), radar, statistics, superresolution
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Electronic and Electrical Engineering

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