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Direct evidence of primary glass production in late Bronze Age Amarna, Egypt

Smirniou, M; Rehren, T; (2011) Direct evidence of primary glass production in late Bronze Age Amarna, Egypt. Archaeometry , 53 (1) 58 - 80. 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00521.x.

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Abstract

This paper presents direct archaeological evidence for the primary production of glass at the LBA site of Tell el-Amarna, in the form of numerous finds of semi-finished glass. The diagnostic microstructural and chemical composition of these finds is presented alongside macroscopically similar finds, of shapeless lumps of finished white glass. The semi-finished glass was found to contain numerous inclusions of residual quartz and newly formed lime-rich crystal phases, but no added colorant. However, several samples of semi-finished glass have antimony oxide levels comparable to those of finished white glass, suggesting that the opacifier was added to the initial glass-making batch. The results are discussed in comparison with the evidence for glass-making from Qantir - Pi-Ramesse, identifying some close technical similarities, which indicate that the same technological processes were used at both sites for the production of glass.

Type: Article
Title: Direct evidence of primary glass production in late Bronze Age Amarna, Egypt
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00521.x
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00521.x
Language: English
Keywords: glass, glass-making, Egypt, late Bronze Age, amarna, electron microprobe analysis, vitreous materials, qantir-piramesses, glassmaking, blue, crucibles, faience
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1058195
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