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Electrically forced microthreading of highly viscous dielectric liquids

Zhang, HB; Jayasinghe, SN; Edirisinghe, MJ; (2006) Electrically forced microthreading of highly viscous dielectric liquids. J ELECTROSTAT , 64 (6) 355 - 360. 10.1016/j.elstat.2005.09.002.

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Abstract

The behaviour of three high viscosity (4875, 12125 and 58560 mPa s), dielectric liquids was investigated at flow rates of 10(-10), 10(-12) and 10(-14) m(3) s(-1) and the applied voltage range 6-15 kV. In these experiments, due to the low electrical conductivity of the liquids (10(-13) Sm-1) and therefore the ensuing high electrical relaxation time, classical electrohydrodynamic atomization conditions are not satisfied. Only dripping and unstable jetting were observed at 4875 mPa s. A transition from no jetting a to stable microthreading was observed for the 12125 and 58560 mPa s samples. The relics accompanying the transition were found to change from discrete droplets to a continuous filament. Stable microthreading, which generates uniform filaments, was obtained for the 12125 mPa s sample at flow rates 10(-10) and 10(-12)m(3) s(-1) and in the case of the 58560 mPa s sample at all the flow rates investigated. The high viscosity assisted stable microthreading with the filament diameter decreasing with increasing applied voltage and more dramatically decreasing with reducing flow rate. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Electrically forced microthreading of highly viscous dielectric liquids
DOI:10.1016/j.elstat.2005.09.002
Keywords:electric field, dielectric, liquids, microthreading, CONE-JET MODE, ELECTROSTATIC ATOMIZATION, SCALING LAWS, ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC ATOMIZATION, MU-M, NANOFIBERS, GENERATION, VISCOSITY, DIAMETER, DROPLETS
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Mechanical Engineering

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