Wieckowski, MR; Szabadkai, G; Wasilewski, M; Pinton, P; Duszynski, J; Rizzuto, R; (2006) Overexpression of adenine nucleotide translocase reduces Ca2+ signal transmission between the ER and mitochondria. BIOCHEM BIOPH RES CO , 348 (2) 393 - 399. 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.07.072.
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The adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT), besides transferring ATP from the mitochondrial matrix to the rest of the cell, has also been proposed to be involved in mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), and accordingly in mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis. In order to assess the role of ANT in Ca2+ signal transmission from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to mitochondria, we overexpressed the various ANT isoforms and measured the matrix [Ca2+] ([Ca2+](m)) increases evoked by stimulation with IP3-dependent agonists. ANT overexpression reduced the amplitude of the [Ca2+] peak following Ca2+ release, an effect that was markedly greater for ANT-I and ANT-3 isoforms than for ANT-2. Three further observations might explain these findings. First, the effect was partially reversed by treating the cells with cyclosporine A, suggesting the involvement of MPT. Second, the effect was paralleled by alterations of the 3D structure of the mitochondria. Finally, ANT-1 and ANT-3 overexpression also caused a reduction of ER Ca2+ loading that caused a marginal decrease in the cytosolic Ca2+ responses. Overall, these data provide evidence for the involvement of ANT-1 and ANT-3 in the induction of MPT and indicate the relevance of this phenomenon in ER-mitochondria Ca2+ transfer. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Overexpression of adenine nucleotide translocase reduces Ca2+ signal transmission between the ER and mitochondria|
|Keywords:||mitochondria, adenine nucleotide translocase, permeability transition pore, calcium homeostasis, PERMEABILITY TRANSITION PORE, ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM, CYTOCHROME-C, INTACT-CELLS, LIVING CELLS, HELA-CELLS, APOPTOSIS, MEMBRANE, CALCIUM, CHANNEL|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Cell and Developmental Biology|
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