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Nitric oxide mediates the reduced vasoconstrictor response to angiotensin II in patients with preascitic cirrhosis

Helmy, A; Newby, DE; Jalan, R; Johnston, NR; Hayes, PC; Webb, DJ; (2003) Nitric oxide mediates the reduced vasoconstrictor response to angiotensin II in patients with preascitic cirrhosis. J HEPATOL , 38 (1) 44 - 50.

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Abstract

Background/Aims: Altered vascular responses to vasopressor agents contribute to the pathogenesis of the circulatory dysfunction in cirrhosis. This study aims to assess the role of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) in the reduced vascular responsiveness to angiotensin 11 (ANG-II) in eight patients with preascitic cirrhosis compared with eight age- and sexmatched healthy controls.Methods: Forearm blood flow (FBF) responses to sub-systemic, locally-active intra-brachial infusions of ANG-II were measured using venous occlusion plethysmography before and during the application of an 'NO-clamp', a balanced co-infusion Of L-N-G-monomethyl-arginine (a selective NO synthase inhibitor) and sodium nitroprusside (an exogenous NO donor) to block endogenous NO production and restore normal NO-mediated basal blood flow, respectively.Results: Before applying the 'NO-clamp', ANG-II caused dose-dependent reductions of FBF in both groups (P < 0.001) that were significantly attenuated in the cirrhotic patients (P = 0.012). In the presence of the 'NO-clamp', the ANG-II-mediated vasoconstriction was enhanced in cirrhotic patients (P < 0.01), unchanged in controls, and now similar in both groups.Conclusions: This study confirms that vasoconstriction to ANG-II is reduced in patients with preascitic cirrhosis, and suggests that this is principally due to enhanced NO generation mediated by ANG-II. (C) 2002 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Nitric oxide mediates the reduced vasoconstrictor response to angiotensin II in patients with preascitic cirrhosis
Keywords:forearm blood flow, human, L-N-G-monomethyl-arginine, nitric oxide clamp, vascular reactivity, RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN, IN-VIVO, COMPENSATED CIRRHOSIS, ARTERIAL VASODILATION, HEPATIC HEMODYNAMICS, ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS, ALDOSTERONE SYSTEM, WATER-RETENTION, CARDIAC-OUTPUT, BLOOD-PRESSURE

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