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Failure to protect the myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion injury after chronic atorvastatin treatment is recaptured by acute atorvastatin treatment - A potential role for phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten?

Mensah, K; Mocanu, MM; Yellon, DM; (2005) Failure to protect the myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion injury after chronic atorvastatin treatment is recaptured by acute atorvastatin treatment - A potential role for phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten? J AM COLL CARDIOL , 45 (8) 1287 - 1291. 10.1016/j.jacc.2005.01.021.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES We sought to ascertain whether chronic oral therapy with atorvastatin protects against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury.BACKGROUND We have recently shown that acute atorvastatin treatment protects against reperfusion-induced injury by activating the PI3K/Akt/eNOS pathway. However, many patients are on chronic statin therapy, and it is necessary to investigate whether this, in itself, provides a therapeutic advantage.METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were orally treated for one day, three days, one week, or two weeks with 20 mg/kg of atorvastatin or vehicle, after which the hearts underwent 35 min of ischemia and 120 min reperfusion (IR). Two additional groups were treated for one or two weeks with atorvastatin and then received a supplementary dose of 40 mg/kg before IR. The risk zone was determined using Evans blue and infarct size (IR%) using triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining.RESULTS Treatment with atorvastatin for one and three days significantly reduced infarct size versus controls (38.9 +/- 3.1% vs. 56.4 +/- 2.3%; 39.3 +/- 2.4% vs. 61.3 +/- 3.8%, respectively). However, after one or two weeks of treatment, no protection was observed (52.6 +/- 3.8% vs. 58.6 +/- 4.3%; 58.3 +/- 2.7% vs. 52.4 +/- 5.7%, respectively). Surprisingly, a supplementary dose of atorvastatin recaptured the protection in the groups treated chronically (36.2 +/- 2.8% vs. 58.6 +/- 4.3%; 26.8 +/- 1.5% vs. 51.2 +/- 6.7%, at one and two weeks, respectively). Interestingly, we observed an increased level of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN), the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase inhibitor, in the chronic treated hearts.CONCLUSIONS In conclusion, atorvastatin appears to have an acute protective effect that wanes with time associated with an increase in PTEN levels. This waning protection can be recaptured by an acute high dose given immediately before IR. These results may have protential clinical relevance.

Type:Article
Title:Failure to protect the myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion injury after chronic atorvastatin treatment is recaptured by acute atorvastatin treatment - A potential role for phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten?
DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2005.01.021
Keywords:HMG-COA REDUCTASE, AVERAGE CHOLESTEROL LEVELS, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE, REPERFUSION INJURY, INFARCT SIZE, RAT HEARTS, CELL-SIZE, SURVIVAL, SIMVASTATIN
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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