Parkinson, DB and Dong, ZP and Bunting, H and Whitfield, J and Meier, C and Marie, H and Mirsky, R and Jeesen, KR (2001) Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) mediates schwann cell death in vitro and in vivo: Examination of c-jun activation, interactions with survival signals, and the relationship of TGF beta-mediated death to schwann cell differentiation. J NEUROSCI , 21 (21) 8572 - 8585.
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In some situations, cell death in the nervous system is controlled by an interplay between survival factors and negative survival signals that actively induce apoptosis. The present work indicates that the survival of Schwann cells is regulated by such a dual mechanism involving the negative survival signal transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta), a family of growth factors that is present in the Schwann cells themselves. We analyze the interactions between this putative autocrine death signal and previously defined paracrine and autocrine survival signals and show that expression of a dominant negative c-Jun inhibits TGF beta -induced apoptosis. This and other findings pinpoint activation of c-Jun as a key downstream event in TGF beta -induced Schwann cell death. The ability of TGF beta to kill Schwann cells, like normal Schwann cell death in vivo, is under a strong developmental regulation, and we show that the decreasing ability of TGF beta to kill older cells is attributable to a decreasing ability of TGF beta to phosphorylate c-Jun in more differentiated cells.
|Title:||Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) mediates schwann cell death in vitro and in vivo: Examination of c-jun activation, interactions with survival signals, and the relationship of TGF beta-mediated death to schwann cell differentiation|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Keywords:||autocrine signals, apoptosis, nerve development, peripheral nerve, nerve injury, nerve regeneration, MESSENGER-RNA EXPRESSION, V-JUN, TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR, SYMPATHETIC NEURONS, PROTEIN-KINASES, NGF-RECEPTOR, HA-RAS, APOPTOSIS, NERVE, PHOSPHORYLATION|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Cell and Developmental Biology|
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