DOES ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING IN THE HUMAN INVOLVE PROTEIN-KINASE-C AND THE ATP-DEPENDENT K+ CHANNEL - STUDIES OF CONTRACTILE FUNCTION AFTER SIMULATED ISCHEMIA IN AN ATRIAL IN-VITRO MODEL.
1030 - 1035.
Protein kinase C (PKC) and the ATP-dependent K+ channel (K-ATP channel) have been implicated in the mechanism of ischemic preconditioning in animal models. This study investigated the role of K-ATP channels and PKC in preconditioning in human myocardium and whether K-ATP channels are activated via a PKC-dependent pathway. Right atrial trabeculae were superfused with Tyrode's solution and paced at 1 Hz. After stabilization, muscles underwent one of nine different protocols, followed by simulated ischemia (SI) consisting of 90 minutes of hypoxic substrate-free superfusion paced at 3 Hz and then by 120 minutes of reperfusion. Preconditioning consisted of 3 minutes of SI and 7 minutes of reperfusion. The experimental end point was recovery of contractile function after SI, presented here as percentage recovery (%Rec) of baseline function. %Rec was significantly improved by preconditioning by the K-ATP channel opener cromakalim (CK), and by the PKC activator 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DOG) compared with nonpreconditioned controls when these treatments were given before the SI insult (control group, 29.5+/-3.6%; preconditioned group, 63.5+/-5.4%, CK-treated group, 52.9+/-3.1%; and DOG-treated group, 48.0+/-3.5%; P<.01). The effects of CK could be blocked by the K-ATP channel blocker glibenclamide (%Rec, 17.8+/-3.5%). Preconditioning could be blocked by the PKC antagonist chelerythrine (%Rec, 24.1+/-5.0%) and the K-ATP blocker glibenclamide (%Rec, 24.8+/-3.1%). The effects of DOG could also be blocked by glibenclamide (%Rec, 23.1+/-2.3%). These findings show that protection against contractile dysfunction after SI can be induced by activation of PKC and by the opening of the K-ATP channel and that the protection induced by PKC activation and preconditioning can be blocked by blocking the K-ATP channel. This suggests that the mechanism of preconditioning in humans may act via PKC and rely on the action of the K-ATP channel as the end effector.
|Title:||DOES ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING IN THE HUMAN INVOLVE PROTEIN-KINASE-C AND THE ATP-DEPENDENT K+ CHANNEL - STUDIES OF CONTRACTILE FUNCTION AFTER SIMULATED ISCHEMIA IN AN ATRIAL IN-VITRO MODEL|
|Keywords:||PROTEIN KINASE C, ATP-DEPENDENT K+ CHANNEL, ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING, HUMAN ATRIUM, CONTRACTILE FUNCTION, CORONARY-OCCLUSION, POTASSIUM CHANNELS, INFARCT SIZE, MYOCARDIUM, BLOCKADE, HEARTS, GLIBENCLAMIDE, ANGIOPLASTY, RABBIT, DOGS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science|
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