UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Reducing absenteeism in hospital cleaning staff: pilot of a theory based intervention

Michie, S; Wren, B; Williams, S; (2004) Reducing absenteeism in hospital cleaning staff: pilot of a theory based intervention. Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 61 (4) 345 - 349. 10.1136/oem.2003.009639.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Aims: To develop, pilot, and evaluate a workplace intervention to reduce sickness absence, based on a demand-control-support model of job strain.Methods: Changes in the working arrangements of hospital cleaning staff were introduced with the aim of increasing their control over work and the support received at work. The study design was quasi-experimental, with 221 cleaning staff in the intervention group and 91 catering staff in the control group. The dependent variable was the difference in percentage monthly sickness absence between the 12 months preceding and following the intervention. Differences in sickness absence between staff groups for each month after the intervention were compared with differences between staff groups for the equivalent month one year prior to it.Results: There was a significant reduction in the difference in sickness absence rates between the intervention and control group of 2.3% in the six months after the intervention, compared to the six months before. The difference was not maintained at 12 months.Conclusions: These results suggest that a workplace intervention aimed at increasing control and support at work has a small effect on reducing sickness absence among hospital cleaning staff in the short term. Future research should seek to replicate this effect in larger, experimental studies, analyse postulated mediators of such theory based interventions, and develop interventions that maintain improvement.

Type: Article
Title: Reducing absenteeism in hospital cleaning staff: pilot of a theory based intervention
DOI: 10.1136/oem.2003.009639
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oem.2003.009639
Language: English
Keywords: PSYCHOSOCIAL WORK-ENVIRONMENT, SICKNESS ABSENCE, JOB DEMANDS, WHITEHALL-II, SOCIAL SUPPORT, BEHAVIOR, STRAIN, MODEL
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/103277
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item