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Towards meeting the Paracelsus Challenge: The design, synthesis, and characterization of paracelsin-43, an alpha-helical protein with over 50% sequence identity to an all-beta protein.

Jones, DT; Moody, CM; Uppenbrink, J; Viles, JH; Doyle, PM; Harris, CJ; Pearl, LH; (1996) Towards meeting the Paracelsus Challenge: The design, synthesis, and characterization of paracelsin-43, an alpha-helical protein with over 50% sequence identity to an all-beta protein. Proteins , 24 (4) pp. 502-513. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0134(199604)24:4<502::AID-PROT9>3.0.CO;2-F.

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Abstract

In response to the Paracelsus Challenge (Rose and Creamer, Proteins, 19:1-3, 1994), we present here the design, synthesis, and characterization of a helical protein, whose sequence is 50% identical to that of an all-beta protein. The new sequence was derived by applying an inverse protein folding approach, in which the sequence was optimized to "fit" the new helical structure, but constrained to retain 50% of the original amino acid residues. The program utilizes a genetic algorithm to optimize the sequence, together with empirical potentials of mean force to evaluate the sequence-structure compatibility. Although the designed sequence has little ordered (secondary) structure in water, circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance data show clear evidence for significant helical content in water/ethylene glycol and in water/methanol mixtures at low temperatures, as well as melting behavior indicative of cooperative folding. We believe that this represents a significant step toward meeting the Paracelsus Challenge.

Type: Article
Title: Towards meeting the Paracelsus Challenge: The design, synthesis, and characterization of paracelsin-43, an alpha-helical protein with over 50% sequence identity to an all-beta protein.
Location: UNITED STATES
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0134(199604)24:4<502::AID-PROT9>3.0.CO;2-F
Keywords: Algorithms, Amino Acid Sequence, Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides, Circular Dichroism, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptides, Protein Conformation, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/103229
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