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Linguistic barriers in the destination language acquisition of immigrants

Isphording, IE; Otten, S; (2014) Linguistic barriers in the destination language acquisition of immigrants. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization , 105 pp. 30-50. 10.1016/j.jebo.2014.03.027. Green open access

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Abstract

There are various degrees of similarity between the languages of different immigrants and the language of their destination country. This linguistic distance is an obstacle to the acquisition of a language, which leads to large differences in the attainments of the language skills necessary for economic and social integration in the destination country. This study aims at quantifying the influence of linguistic distance on the language acquisition of immigrants in the US and in Germany. Drawing from comparative linguistics, we derive a measure of linguistic distance based on the automatic comparison of pronunciations. We compare this measure with three other linguistic and non-linguistic approaches in explaining self-reported measures of language skills. We show that there is a strong initial disadvantage from the linguistic origin for language acquisition, while the effect on the steepness of assimilation patterns is ambiguous in Germany and the US.

Type: Article
Title: Linguistic barriers in the destination language acquisition of immigrants
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2014.03.027
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2014.03.027
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Linguistic distance, Language skills, Immigrants, Human capital
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of Economics
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078254
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