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The Combination of the PARP Inhibitor Olaparib and the WEE1 Inhibitor AZD1775 as a New Therapeutic Option for Small Cell Lung Cancer

Lallo, A; Frese, KK; Morrow, CJ; Sloane, R; Gulati, S; Schenk, MW; Trapani, F; ... Dive, C; + view all (2018) The Combination of the PARP Inhibitor Olaparib and the WEE1 Inhibitor AZD1775 as a New Therapeutic Option for Small Cell Lung Cancer. Clinical Cancer Research , 24 (20) pp. 5153-5164. 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-2805. (In press).

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Abstract

Purpose: Introduced in 1987, platinum-based chemotherapy remains standard of care for small cell lung cancer, a most aggressive, recalcitrant tumor. Prominent barriers to progress are paucity of tumor tissue to identify drug targets and patient relevant models to interrogate novel therapies. Following our development of circulating tumour cell patient-derived explants (CDX) as models that faithfully mirror patient disease, here we exploit CDX to examine new therapeutic options for small cell lung cancer. Experimental Design: We investigated the efficacy of the PARP inhibitor olaparib alone or in combination with the Wee1 kinase inhibitor AZD1775 in ten phenotypically distinct SCLC CDX in vivo and/or ex vivo. These CDX represent chemosensitive and chemorefractory disease including the first reported paired CDX generated longitudinally before treatment and upon disease progression. Results: There was a heterogeneous depth and duration of response to olaparib/AZD1775 which diminished when tested at disease progression. However, efficacy of this combination consistently exceeded that of cisplatin/etoposide with cures in one CDX model. Genomic and protein analyses revealed defects in homologous recombination repair and oncogenes that induce replication stress (such as MYC family members), predisposed CDX to combined olaparib/AZD1775 sensitivity though universal predictors of response were not noted. Conclusions: These preclinical data provide a strong rationale to trial this combination in the clinic informed by prevalent, readily accessed circulating tumor cell based biomarkers. New therapies will be evaluated in SCLC patients after first line chemotherapy and our data suggest that the combination of olaparib/AZD1775 should be used as early as possible and prior to disease relapse.

Type: Article
Title: The Combination of the PARP Inhibitor Olaparib and the WEE1 Inhibitor AZD1775 as a New Therapeutic Option for Small Cell Lung Cancer
DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-2805
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-2805
Language: English
Additional information: Saved AAM to S: drive, months embargo on AAM from , improved metadata, article in press, need updates when published, deduplication, made live and tweeted (NV 10/01/2019).
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Cancer Bio
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065671
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