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An ASIC for Recording and Stimulation in Stacked Microchannel Neural Interfaces

Lancashire, HT; Jiang, D; Demosthenous, A; Donaldson, N; (2019) An ASIC for Recording and Stimulation in Stacked Microchannel Neural Interfaces. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems , 13 (2) pp. 259-270. 10.1109/TBCAS.2019.2891284. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper presents an active microchannel neural interface (MNI) using seven stacked application specific integrated circuits (ASIC). The approach provides a solution to the present problem of interconnect density in 3-dimensional MNIs. The 4 mm2 ASIC is implemented in 0.35 μm high-voltage CMOS technology. Each ASIC is the base for seven microchannels each with three electrodes in a pseudo-tripolar arrangement. Multiplexing allows stimulating or recording from any one of 49 channels, across 7 ASICs. Connections to the ASICs are made with a 5-line parallel bus. Current controlled biphasic stimulation from 5 μA to 500 μA has been demonstrated with switching between channels and ASICs. The high-voltage technology gives a compliance of 40 V for stimulation, appropriate for the high impedances within microchannels. High frequency biphasic stimulation, up to 40 kHz is achieved, suitable for reversible high frequency nerve blocks. Recording has been demonstrated with mV level signals; common-mode inputs are differentially distorted and limit the CMRR to 40dB. The ASIC has been used in vitro in conjunction with an oversize (2 mm diameter) microchannel in phosphate buffered saline, demonstrating attenuation of interference from outside the microchannel and tripolar recording of signals from within the microchannel. By using 5-lines for 49 active microchannels the device overcomes limitations with connecting many electrodes in a 3-dimensional miniaturised nerve interface.

Type: Article
Title: An ASIC for Recording and Stimulation in Stacked Microchannel Neural Interfaces
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/TBCAS.2019.2891284
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/TBCAS.2019.2891284
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © IEEE. This is an Open Access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. For more info, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/.
Keywords: Microchannels, Electrodes, Application specific integrated circuits, Multiplexing, Switches, Integrated circuit interconnections, Switching circuits, Biomedical electrodes, biomedical electronics, integrated circuit testing, microchannels, multiplexer, neural interfaces
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065604
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