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Global longitudinal strain, myocardial storage and hypertrophy in Fabry disease

Vijapurapu, R; Nordin, S; Baig, S; Liu, B; Rosmini, S; Augusto, J; Tchan, M; ... Kozor, R; + view all (2019) Global longitudinal strain, myocardial storage and hypertrophy in Fabry disease. Heart 10.1136/heartjnl-2018-313699. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Detecting early cardiac involvement in Fabry disease (FD) is important because therapy may alter disease progression. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can detect T1 lowering, representing myocardial sphingolipid storage. In many diseases, early mechanical dysfunction may be detected by abnormal global longitudinal strain (GLS). We explored the relationship of early mechanical dysfunction and sphingolipid deposition in FD. METHODS: An observational study of 221 FD and 77 healthy volunteers (HVs) who underwent CMR (LV volumes, mass, native T1, GLS, late gadolinium enhancement), ECG and blood biomarkers, as part of the prospective multicentre Fabry400 study. RESULTS: All FD had normal LV ejection fraction (EF 73%±8%). Mean indexed LV mass (LVMi) was 89±39 g/m2 in FD and 55.6±10 g/m2 in HV. 102 (46%) FD participants had left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). There was a negative correlation between GLS and native T1 in FD patients (r=−0.515, p<0.001). In FD patients without LVH (early disease), as native T1 reduced there was impairment in GLS (r=−0.285, p<0.002). In the total FD cohort, ECG abnormalities were associated with a significant impairment in GLS compared with those without ECG abnormalities (abnormal: −16.7±3.5 vs normal: −20.2±2.4, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: GLS in FD correlates with an increase in LVMi, storage and the presence of ECG abnormalities. In LVH-negative FD (early disease), impairment in GLS is associated with a reduction in native T1, suggesting that mechanical dysfunction occurs before evidence of sphingolipid deposition (low T1). TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03199001; Results.

Type: Article
Title: Global longitudinal strain, myocardial storage and hypertrophy in Fabry disease
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2018-313699
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2018-313699
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065486
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