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Mouse Idh3a mutations cause retinal degeneration and reduced mitochondrial function

Findlay, AS; Carter, RN; Starbuck, B; McKie, L; Nováková, K; Budd, PS; Keighren, MA; ... Jackson, IJ; + view all (2018) Mouse Idh3a mutations cause retinal degeneration and reduced mitochondrial function. Disease Models & Mechanisms , 11 , Article dmm036426. 10.1242/dmm.036426. Green open access

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Abstract

Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) is an enzyme required for the production of α-ketoglutarate from isocitrate. IDH3 generates the NADH used in the mitochondria for ATP production, and is a tetramer made up of two α, one β and one γ subunit. Loss-of-function and missense mutations in both IDH3A and IDH3B have previously been implicated in families exhibiting retinal degeneration. Using mouse models, we investigated the role of IDH3 in retinal disease and mitochondrial function. We identified mice with late-onset retinal degeneration in a screen of ageing mice carrying an ENU-induced mutation, E229K, in Idh3a Mice homozygous for this mutation exhibit signs of retinal stress, indicated by GFAP staining, as early as 3 months, but no other tissues appear to be affected. We produced a knockout of Idh3a and found that homozygous mice do not survive past early embryogenesis. Idh3a-/E229K compound heterozygous mutants exhibit a more severe retinal degeneration compared with Idh3aE229K/E229K homozygous mutants. Analysis of mitochondrial function in mutant cell lines highlighted a reduction in mitochondrial maximal respiration and reserve capacity levels in both Idh3aE229K/E229K and Idh3a-/E229K cells. Loss-of-function Idh3b mutants do not exhibit the same retinal degeneration phenotype, with no signs of retinal stress or reduction in mitochondrial respiration. It has previously been reported that the retina operates with a limited mitochondrial reserve capacity and we suggest that this, in combination with the reduced reserve capacity in mutants, explains the degenerative phenotype observed in Idh3a mutant mice.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

Type: Article
Title: Mouse Idh3a mutations cause retinal degeneration and reduced mitochondrial function
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1242/dmm.036426
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.036426
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2018. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that the original work is properly attributed.
Keywords: Krebs cycle, Mouse model, Retinitis pigmentosa
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065465
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