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How do people with intellectual disabilities construct their social identity? A review

Logeswaran, S; Hollett, M; Zala, S; Richardson, L; Scior, K; (2019) How do people with intellectual disabilities construct their social identity? A review. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities , 32 (3) pp. 533-542. 10.1111/jar.12566.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: A 2005 review by Beart, Hardy and Buchan, asking how people with intellectual disabilities view their social identities, has been widely cited, indicating this important topic needs an updated review. This review covers research on how people with intellectual disabilities view their ascribed label; to what extent they ascribe it to themselves; and whether they recognise it as devalued in society. METHOD: Rapid review methodology using PsycINFO, citation- and hand-searching identified relevant studies. RESULTS: The 16 studies identified indicate that the majority are aware of their ascribed label, or acknowledge they are 'different'. Others reject it, focusing on alternative attributes or roles. Most recognise others view the label negatively and express feelings of shame, anger and powerlessness. CONCLUSIONS: The review advances our understanding of social identity formation in people with intellectual disabilities, with implications for future research and practice to support construction of positive social identities and stigma resistance.

Type: Article
Title: How do people with intellectual disabilities construct their social identity? A review
DOI: 10.1111/jar.12566
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12566
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: identity, intellectual disabilities, label, review, stigma
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10064747
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