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Does Inattention and Hyperactivity Moderate the Relation Between Speed of Processing and Language Skills?

Gooch, D; Sears, C; Maydew, H; Vamvakas, G; Norbury, CF; (2019) Does Inattention and Hyperactivity Moderate the Relation Between Speed of Processing and Language Skills? Child Development 10.1111/cdev.13220. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

The causal role of speed of processing (SOP) in developmental language disorder (DLD) is unclear given that SOP has been implicated in other neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder. This study investigated associations between SOP, language, and inattention/hyperactivity in a U.K. epidemiological cohort (N = 528). Monolingual children from a range of socioeconomic backgrounds were assessed longitudinally; at ages 5–6 (2012/2013) and 7–8 years (2014/2015). Persistent weaknesses in SOP characterized children with DLD but did not predict language longitudinally. Ratings of inattention/hyperactivity moderated the association between SOP and language, indicating that SOP deficits are particularly detrimental for language when coupled with poor attention/hyperactivity. SOP may be a shared risk factor for DLD and inattention/hyperactivity or a general marker of neurodevelopmental disorder.

Type: Article
Title: Does Inattention and Hyperactivity Moderate the Relation Between Speed of Processing and Language Skills?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/cdev.13220
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13220
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Keywords: Speed of processing, Inattention/Hyperactivity, Developmental Language Disorder
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062077
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