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Social responses to climate change in Iron Age north-east Thailand: New archaeobotanical evidence

Castillo, CC; Higham, CFW; Miller, K; Chang, N; Douka, K; Higham, TFG; Fuller, DQ; (2018) Social responses to climate change in Iron Age north-east Thailand: New archaeobotanical evidence. Antiquity , 92 (365) pp. 1274-1291. 10.15184/aqy.2018.198. Green open access

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Abstract

New evidence from archaeological investigations in north-east Thailand shows a transition in rice farming towards wetland cultivation that would have facilitated greater yields and surpluses. This evidence, combined with new dates and palaeoclimatic data, suggests that this transition took place in the Iron Age, at a time of increasingly arid climate, and when a number of broader societal changes become apparent in the archaeological record. For the first time, it is possible to relate changes in subsistence economy to shifts in regional climate and water-management strategies, and to the emergence of state societies in Southeast Asia.

Type: Article
Title: Social responses to climate change in Iron Age north-east Thailand: New archaeobotanical evidence
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2018.198
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2018.198
Language: English
Additional information: © Antiquity Publications Ltd, 2018. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creative commons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Thailand, Southeast Asia, Iron Age, rice farming, weed flora, agricultural intensification, archaeobotany
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10061111
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