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Object Classification Using Hybrid Fiber Optical Force/Proximity Sensor

Konstantinova, J; Cotugno, G; Stilli, A; Noh, Y; Althoefer, K; (2017) Object Classification Using Hybrid Fiber Optical Force/Proximity Sensor. In: Proceedings of 16th IEEE Sensors 2017. (pp. pp. 543-545). IEEE: Glasgow, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

Intelligent perception to determine the physical interaction between robotic hands and the environment is a topic of great interest for the sensing and robotics communities. Sensor information on object stiffness and associated object deformation is essential to plan and execute stable and tight grasps. This paper proposes a novel robot-finger-integrated perception sensor to estimate the physical interaction with objects. The sensing principle of our combined force and proximity sensor is based on light intensity modulation, involving fiber optics technology to measure the proximity between robot fingers and object during approach as well as to detect normal and lateral forces. In order to distinguish between hard and soft (deformable) objects a Support Vector Machine (SVM) is employed to classify the handled object's stiffness based on the measured force and proximity data. The classifier does not require prior knowledge of the objects and achieves 87% classification accuracy on a set of household objects with different mechanical characteristics.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Object Classification Using Hybrid Fiber Optical Force/Proximity Sensor
Event: 16th IEEE Sensors Conference
Location: Glasgow, SCOTLAND
Dates: 29 October 2017 - 01 November 2017
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2017.8234057
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSENS.2017.8234057
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Robot sensing systems, Force, Support vector machines, Grasping, Torque
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10061096
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