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Do selective schooling systems increase inequality?

Burgess, S; Dickson, M; Macmillan, LA; (2019) Do selective schooling systems increase inequality? Oxford Economic Papers , Article gpz028. 10.1093/oep/gpz028. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

We investigate the impact on earnings inequality of a selective education system in which school assignment is based on initial test scores. We use a large, representative household panel survey to compare adult earnings inequality of those growing up under a selective education system with those educated under a comprehensive system in England. Controlling for a range of background characteristics and the current location, the wage distribution for individuals who grew up in selective schooling areas is substantially and significantly more unequal. The total effect sizes are large: 24% of the raw 90–10 earnings gap and 19% of the conditional 90–10 earnings gap can be explained by differences across schooling systems.

Type: Article
Title: Do selective schooling systems increase inequality?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/oep/gpz028
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/oep/gpz028
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: selective schooling, inequality, wages, quantile regression
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10060088
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