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Radical 'royals'? Burial practices at Baur Hoyuk and the emergence of early states in Mesopotamia

Hassett, B; Saglamtimur, H; (2018) Radical 'royals'? Burial practices at Baur Hoyuk and the emergence of early states in Mesopotamia. Antiquity , 92 (363) pp. 640-654. 10.15184/aqy.2018.63. Green open access

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Abstract

Human sacrifice has long been associated with the rise of hierarchical centralised societies. Recent excavation of a large cist tomb at third-millennium BC Başur Höyük, in Turkey, shows that state formation in Mesopotamia was accompanied by a fundamental change in the value of human life within local ritual economy. Osteological analysis and study of the grave goods have identified some of the dead as human sacrifices. This was indeed a retainer burial, reflecting the emergence of stratified society at a time of instability and crisis.

Type: Article
Title: Radical 'royals'? Burial practices at Baur Hoyuk and the emergence of early states in Mesopotamia
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2018.63
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2018.63
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Turkey, Mesopotamia, Early Bronze Age, retainer burial, sacrifice
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10059635
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