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Rotation-Vibration Spectra of Linear Acetylene for Characterising Astrophysical Atmospheres

Chubb, Katy L.; (2018) Rotation-Vibration Spectra of Linear Acetylene for Characterising Astrophysical Atmospheres. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis presents research carried out as part of the ExoMol project, towards calculating theoretical spectra for the main isotopologue of acetylene, C2H2, for use in characterising hot exoplanet or cool stellar atmospheres. A large component of this work was in the development of numerical methods for treating linear polyatomic molecules such that these calculations could be carried out in an efficient and feasible way; ro-vibrational calculations of linear molecules are very non-trivial and require a unique treatment in order to avoid singularities in the Hamiltonian. A novel approach was employed in variational nuclear motion programme \Trove, which involves the use of a finite ${\mathcal D}_{n{\rm h}}$ symmetry group and classification of ro-vibrational states using the vibrational angular momentum operator, $\hat{L_{z}}$. This has been used in nuclear-motion calculations to compute an \textit{ab initio} linelist of C2H2 covering 13.9~million transitions between 2.7~million states, up to a rotational excitation of $J=58$. In order to facilitate an accurate calculated spectra, available experimental data of C2H2 were collated and analysed to obtain an accurate set of 11,213 empirical energy levels using the \Marvel\ procedure. As demonstrated, these can be used to produce a high-accuracy potential energy surface and subsequent semi-empirical model for the ro-vibrational energies and intensities of acetylene, which can be computed up to high ro-vibrational excitations. Calculations using this semi-empirical model are in progress for an accurate high-temperature linelist, expected to be valid up to 1000--1200~K. This will be published in due course and will be appropriate for characterising exoplanet and cool stellar atmospheres; these ongoing calculations are discussed.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Rotation-Vibration Spectra of Linear Acetylene for Characterising Astrophysical Atmospheres
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Ro-vibrational, Ab initio, Acetylene, Linear molecule, Linelist, Exoplanet atmospheres, Astronomical spectroscopy, C2H2
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10057098
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