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Ancient goat genomes reveal mosaic domestication in the Fertile Crescent

Daly, KG; Delser, PM; Mullin, VE; Scheu, A; Mattiangeli, V; Teasdale, MD; Hare, AJ; ... Bradley, DG; + view all (2018) Ancient goat genomes reveal mosaic domestication in the Fertile Crescent. Science , 361 (6397) pp. 85-88. 10.1126/science.aas9411. Green open access

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Abstract

Current genetic data are equivocal as to whether goat domestication occurred multiple times or was a singular process. We generated genomic data from 83 ancient goats (51 with genome-wide coverage) from Paleolithic to Medieval contexts throughout the Near East. Our findings demonstrate that multiple divergent ancient wild goat sources were domesticated in a dispersed process that resulted in genetically and geographically distinct Neolithic goat populations, echoing contemporaneous human divergence across the region. These early goat populations contributed differently to modern goats in Asia, Africa, and Europe. We also detect early selection for pigmentation, stature, reproduction, milking, and response to dietary change, providing 8000-year-old evidence for human agency in molding genome variation within a partner species.

Type: Article
Title: Ancient goat genomes reveal mosaic domestication in the Fertile Crescent
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1126/science.aas9411
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aas9411
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Science & Technology - Other Topics, NEAR-EAST, CATTLE, AGRICULTURE, ORIGINS, TRAITS, ZAGROS, MODEL, SHEEP, GENE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055921
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