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Nation-building Through Compulsory Schooling during the Age of Mass Migration

Bandiera, O; Mohnen, M; Rasul, I; Viarengo, M; (2018) Nation-building Through Compulsory Schooling during the Age of Mass Migration. The Economic Journal 10.1111/ecoj.12624. (In press).

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Abstract

Why did America introduce compulsory schooling laws at a time when financial investments in education and voluntary school attendance were high? We provide qualitative and quantitative evidence that states adopted compulsory schooling laws as a nation-building tool to instil civic values to the culturally diverse migrants during the ‘Age of Mass Migration’ between 1850 and 1914. We show the adoption of compulsory schooling laws occurred significantly earlier in states that hosted European migrants with lower exposure to civic values in their home countries. Using cross-county data, we show that these migrants had significantly lower demand for American schooling pre-compulsion.

Type: Article
Title: Nation-building Through Compulsory Schooling during the Age of Mass Migration
DOI: 10.1111/ecoj.12624
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12624
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of Economics
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055689
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