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Strontium isotope analysis on cremated human remains from Stonehenge support links with west Wales

Snoeck, C; Pouncett, J; Claeys, P; Goderis, S; Mattielli, N; Pearson, MP; Willis, C; ... Schulting, RJ; + view all (2018) Strontium isotope analysis on cremated human remains from Stonehenge support links with west Wales. Scientific Reports , 8 , Article 10790. 10.1038/s41598-018-28969-8. Green open access

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Abstract

Cremated human remains from Stonehenge provide direct evidence on the life of those few select individuals buried at this iconic Neolithic monument. The practice of cremation has, however, precluded the application of strontium isotope analysis of tooth enamel as the standard chemical approach to study their origin. New developments in strontium isotopic analysis of cremated bone reveal that at least 10 of the 25 cremated individuals analysed did not spend their lives on the Wessex chalk on which the monument is found. Combined with the archaeological evidence, we suggest that their most plausible origin lies in west Wales, the source of the bluestones erected in the early stage of the monument’s construction. These results emphasise the importance of inter-regional connections involving the movement of both materials and people in the construction and use of Stonehenge.

Type: Article
Title: Strontium isotope analysis on cremated human remains from Stonehenge support links with west Wales
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-28969-8
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-28969-8
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Science & Technology - Other Topics, Calcined Bone, Tooth Enamel, Fossil Bone, Bronze-Age, ICP-MS, Sr-87/Sr-86, Ratios, Carbon
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055006
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