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Spin-Pumping-Induced Inverse Spin Hall Effect in Nb/Ni80Fe20 Bilayers and its Strong Decay Across the Superconducting Transition Temperature

Jeon, K-R; Ciccarelli, C; Kurebayashi, H; Wunderlich, J; Cohen, LF; Komori, S; Robinson, JWA; (2018) Spin-Pumping-Induced Inverse Spin Hall Effect in Nb/Ni80Fe20 Bilayers and its Strong Decay Across the Superconducting Transition Temperature. Physical Review Applied , 10 (1) , Article 014029. 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.014029. Green open access

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Abstract

We quantify the spin Hall angle θ SH and spin-diffusion length l sd of Nb from inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) measurements in Nb / Ni 80 Fe 20 bilayers under ferromagnetic resonance. By varying the Nb thickness t Nb and comparing to a Ni 80 Fe 20 / Pt reference sample, room temperature values of θ SH and l sd for Nb are estimated to be approximately −0.001 and 30 nm, respectively. We also investigate the ISHE as a function of temperature T for different t Nb . Above the superconducting transition temperature T c of Nb , a clear t Nb -dependent T evolution of the ISHE is observed whereas below T c , the ISHE voltage drops rapidly and is below the sensitivity of our measurement setup at a lower T. This suggests the strong decay of the quasiparticle (QP) charge-imbalance relaxation length across T c , as supported by an additional investigation of the ISHE in a different sample geometry along with model calculation. Our finding suggests careful consideration should be made when developing superconductor spin Hall devices that intend to utilize QP-mediated spin-to-charge interconversion.

Type: Article
Title: Spin-Pumping-Induced Inverse Spin Hall Effect in Nb/Ni80Fe20 Bilayers and its Strong Decay Across the Superconducting Transition Temperature
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.014029
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.014029
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Physics, Applied, Physics, ROOM-TEMPERATURE, CONVERSION
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054680
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