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Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis: identification of key prognostic determinants using automated CT analysis

Jacob, J; Bartholmai, BJ; Egashira, R; Brun, AL; Rajagopalan, S; Karwoski, R; Kokosi, M; ... Wells, AU; + view all (2017) Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis: identification of key prognostic determinants using automated CT analysis. BMC Pulmonary Medicine , 17 , Article 81. 10.1186/s12890-017-0418-2. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (CHP) has a variable disease course. Computer analysis of CT features was used to identify a subset of CHP patients with an outcome similar to patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). METHODS: Consecutive patients with a multi-disciplinary team diagnosis of CHP (n = 116) had pulmonary function tests (FEV1, FVC, DLco, Kco, and a composite physiologic index [CPI]) and CT variables predictive of mortality evaluated by analysing visual and computer-based (CALIPER) parenchymal features: total interstitial lung disease (ILD) extent, honeycombing, reticular pattern, ground glass opacities, pulmonary vessel volume (PVV), emphysema, and traction bronchiectasis. Mean survival was compared between both CHP and IPF patients (n = 185). RESULTS: In CHP, visual/CALIPER measures of reticular pattern, honeycombing, visual traction bronchiectasis, and CALIPER ILD extent were predictive of mortality (p < 0 · 05) on univariate analysis. PVV was strongly predictive of mortality on univariate (p < 0 · 0001) and multivariate analysis independent of age, gender and disease severity (represented by the CPI [p < 0 · 01]). CHP patients with a PVV threshold >6 · 5% of the lung had a mean survival (35 · 3 ± 6 · 1 months; n = 20/116 [17%]) and rate of disease progression that closely matched IPF patients (38 · 4 ± 2 · 2 months; n = 185). CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary vessel volume can identify CHP patients at risk of aggressive disease and a poor IPF-like prognosis.

Type: Article
Title: Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis: identification of key prognostic determinants using automated CT analysis
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12890-017-0418-2
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-017-0418-2
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Keywords: Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Pulmonary vessel volume, Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, Quantitative CT analysis
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Respiratory Medicine
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054260
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