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Novel splice-site mutation in TTLL5 causes cone dystrophy in a consanguineous family

Dias, MDS; Hamel, CP; Meunier, I; Varin, J; Blanchard, S; Boyard, F; Sahel, J-A; (2017) Novel splice-site mutation in TTLL5 causes cone dystrophy in a consanguineous family. Molecular Vision , 23 pp. 131-139. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To report the clinical and genetic findings of one family with autosomal recessive cone dystrophy (CD) and to identify the causative mutation. METHODS: An institutional study of three family members from two generations. The clinical examination included best-corrected Snellen visual acuity measurement, fundoscopy, the Farnsworth D-15 color vision test, a full-field electroretinogram (ERG) that incorporated the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision standards and methodology, fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and infrared (IR), and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Genetic findings were achieved with DNA analysis using whole exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The proband, a 9-year-old boy, presented with a condition that appeared to be congenital and stationary. The clinical presentation initially reflected incomplete congenital stationary night blindness (icCSNB) because of myopia, a decrease in visual acuity, abnormal oscillatory potentials, and reduced amplitudes on the 30 Hz flicker ERG but was atypical because there were no clear electronegative responses. However, no disease-causing mutations in the genes underlying icCSNB were identified. Following WES analysis of family members, a homozygous splice-site mutation in intron 3 of TTLL5 (c.182-3_182-1delinsAA) was found cosegregating within the phenotype in the family. CONCLUSIONS: The distinction between icCSNB and CD phenotypes is not always straightforward in young patients. The patient was quite young, which most likely explains why the progression of the CD was not obvious. WES analysis provided prompt diagnosis for this family; thus, the use of this technique to refine the diagnosis is highlighted in this study.

Type: Article
Title: Novel splice-site mutation in TTLL5 causes cone dystrophy in a consanguineous family
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.molvis.org/molvis/v23/131
Language: English
Additional information: Published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License 3.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) (see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ for license terms).
Keywords: Carrier Proteins, Child, Chromosome Segregation, Consanguinity, Family, Female, Homozygote, Humans, Male, Mutation, Pedigree, Phenotype, RNA Splice Sites, Retinal Dystrophies
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054216
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