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Effectiveness of opicapone and switching from entacapone in fluctuating Parkinson disease

Ferreira, JJ; Lees, AJ; Poewe, W; Rascol, O; Rocha, J-F; Keller, B; Soares-da-Silva, P; (2018) Effectiveness of opicapone and switching from entacapone in fluctuating Parkinson disease. Neurology , 90 (21) e1849-e1857. 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005557.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of opicapone as add-on to levodopa and the effects of switching from entacapone over 1 year of treatment in patients with fluctuating Parkinson disease. METHODS: After completion of a placebo- and entacapone-controlled double-blind study of opicapone (5, 25, or 50 mg), 495 patients continued to a 1-year extension phase in which patients were treated with opicapone. Patients began with once-daily opicapone 25 mg for 1 week, followed by individually tailored levodopa and/or opicapone dose adjustments. The primary efficacy variable was the change from baseline in absolute "off" time based on patient diaries. Other outcomes included proportion of responders, scale-based assessments, and standard safety assessments. RESULTS: One year of treatment with opicapone reduced "off" time by a half-hour (33.8 minutes) vs the open-label baseline and >2 hours (126.9 minutes) vs the double-blind baseline. Whereas patients who were originally treated with opicapone 50 mg in the double-blind phase maintained their efficacy, switching treatments led to further decreases in "off" time (-64.9, -39.3, -27.5, and -23.0 minutes for switching from placebo, entacapone, and opicapone 5 and 25 mg, respectively). Dyskinesia was the most frequently reported adverse event (14.5%) and was managed by adjustment of dopaminergic therapy. No new safety concerns were observed with long-term opicapone administration. CONCLUSION: Long-term use of opicapone provided sustained efficacy over 1 year. Switching from entacapone to opicapone led to enhanced efficacy under the conditions of the study. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class III evidence that for patients with Parkinson disease and end-of-dose motor fluctuations, long-term use (52 weeks) of opicapone is well tolerated and reduces "off" time.

Type: Article
Title: Effectiveness of opicapone and switching from entacapone in fluctuating Parkinson disease
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005557
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000005557
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10053111
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