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Breaking wave impact on a floating body with air bubble effect

Sun, S; Wu, G; Xu, G; (2018) Breaking wave impact on a floating body with air bubble effect. Journal of Fluids and Structures , 82 pp. 16-34. 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2018.06.016. Green open access

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Abstract

The hydrodynamic problem of a breaking wave impacting on a floating body with air bubble effect is modelled based on the incompressible velocity potential theory, which is solved using the boundary element method in the time domain. To avoid the numerical inaccuracies due to the sharp temporal and spatial variations of velocity and pressure at the initial stage of impact, a dual system is adopted. The simulation close to the impact zone is conducted in a stretched coordinate system, while away from the impact zone the deformation and propagation of incoming overturning wave is simulated in the physical coordinate system. The continuities of both pressure and velocity are enforced at the interface of two zones. When the impact zone is no longer small, the dual systems will be merged and the simulation will be undertaken in one single domain. The air bubble trapped between the breaking wave and the solid surface is taken into account based on the assumption that the trapped air undergoes an adiabatic process. An auxiliary function method is used to decouple the nonlinear mutual dependence of fluid loading, body motion and bubble deformation. Simulations are undertaken for cases related to breaking wave impact in various engineering problems, including a solid coastal wall, a freely floating ship cross section, a floating breakwater and a tension leg platform. Detailed results for pressure, free surface profile, bubble deformation and body motion are provided, and their physical implications are discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Breaking wave impact on a floating body with air bubble effect
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2018.06.016
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2018.06.01...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: breaking wave impact; trapped air bubble; floating body; dual coordinate systems; auxiliary function method; boundary element method.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10052550
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