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Progovernment Militias

Carey, SC; Mitchell, NJ; (2017) Progovernment Militias. Annual Review of Political Science , 20 (1) pp. 127-147. 10.1146/annurev-polisci-051915-045433.

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Abstract

Sociologists, political scientists, and economists have long emphasized the benefits of monopolizing violence and the risks of failing to do so. Yet recent research on conflict, state failure, genocide, coups, and election violence suggests governments cannot or will not form a monopoly. Governments worldwide are more risk acceptant than anticipated. They give arms and authority to a variety of nonstate actors, militias, vigilantes, death squads, proxy forces, paramilitaries, and counterbalancing forces. We develop a typology based on the links of the militia to the government and to society as a device to capture variations among these groups. We use the typology to explore insights from this emerging literature on the causes, consequences, and puzzling survival of progovernment militias and their implications for security and human rights, as well as to generate open questions for further research.

Type: Article
Title: Progovernment Militias
DOI: 10.1146/annurev-polisci-051915-045433
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-polisci-051915-0...
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: security forces, paramilitaries, delegation, state failure, human rights, nonstate actors
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10052317
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