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The spread of agriculture in eastern Asia: Archaeological bases for hypothetical farmer/language dispersals

Stevens, CJ; Fuller, DQ; (2017) The spread of agriculture in eastern Asia: Archaeological bases for hypothetical farmer/language dispersals. Language Dynamics and Change , 7 (2) pp. 152-186. 10.1163/22105832-00702001.

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Abstract

Millets and rice were important for the demographic history of China. This review draws on current archaeobotanical evidence for rice and millets across China, Korea, eastern Russia, Taiwan, Mainland southeast Asia, and Japan, taking a critical approach to dating evidence, evidence for cultivation, and morphological domestication. There is no evidence to suggest that millets and rice were domesticated simultaneously within a single region. Instead, 5 regions of north China are candidates for independent early cultivation of millets that led to domestication, and 3 regions of the Yangtze basin are candidates for separate rice domestication trajectories. The integration of rice and millet into a single agricultural system took place ca. 4000BC, and after this the spread of agricultural systems and population growth are in evidence. The most striking evidence for agricultural dispersal and population growth took place between 3000 and 2500BC, which has implications for major language dispersals.

Type: Article
Title: The spread of agriculture in eastern Asia: Archaeological bases for hypothetical farmer/language dispersals
DOI: 10.1163/22105832-00702001
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1163/22105832-00702001
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: East Asian agriculture, millet, rice, archaeobotany, domestication, agricultural dispersal
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10052010
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