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The Neuropsychological Profile and Phenomenology of Late Onset Psychosis: A Cross-sectional Study on the Differential Diagnosis of Very-Late-Onset Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis, Dementia with Lewy Bodies and Alzheimer’s Type Dementia with Psychosis

Van Assche, L; Van Aubel, E; Van de Ven, L; Bouckaert, F; Luyten, P; Vandenbulcke, M; (2019) The Neuropsychological Profile and Phenomenology of Late Onset Psychosis: A Cross-sectional Study on the Differential Diagnosis of Very-Late-Onset Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis, Dementia with Lewy Bodies and Alzheimer’s Type Dementia with Psychosis. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology , 34 (2) pp. 183-199. 10.1093/arclin/acy034. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Late onset psychosis not only occurs as a prodromal symptom to neurodegeneration, but it can also be associated with a non-progressive mild cognitive deficit. Studying the phenomenology of psychotic symptoms and the neuropsychological profile may serve as sensitive and non-invasive tools for differential diagnosis. METHOD: We compared 57 individuals with very-late-onset schizophrenia-like psychosis (VLOSLP), 49 participants with Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) and 35 patients with Alzheimer's type Dementia and psychosis (AD+P) concerning the phenomenology of psychotic symptoms and the neuropsychological profile using several measures of cognitive function in a cross-sectional study. RESULTS: Participants with DLB exhibited more visual hallucinations, especially those involving animals, and less partition/paranoid delusions than both other groups. VLOSLP showed more partition delusions and auditory hallucinations of human voices than both other groups. Hence, patients with DLB and VLOSLP showed greater dissimilarity in the phenomenology of psychosis, whereas individuals with AD+P held an intermediate position. Processing speed and executive function were comparably impaired among the three groups, as was expected considering a common underlying set of neurobiological abnormalities for psychosis. However, AD+P showed more strongly reduced learning and consolidation skills, whereas DLB was associated with prominent visuoconstructive deficits. CONCLUSIONS: Phenomenology of psychosis may prove especially informative when comparing individuals with DLB to those with VLOSLP. Neuropsychological profiles are able to further aid differential diagnosis of the three groups.

Type: Article
Title: The Neuropsychological Profile and Phenomenology of Late Onset Psychosis: A Cross-sectional Study on the Differential Diagnosis of Very-Late-Onset Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis, Dementia with Lewy Bodies and Alzheimer’s Type Dementia with Psychosis
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy034
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy034
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, Dementia with Lewy Bodies, Schizophrenia, Mild cognitive impairment, Elderly
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10046883
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