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Protein CoAlation and antioxidant function of Coenzyme A in prokaryotic cells

Tsuchiya, Y; Zhyvoloup, A; Bakovic, J; Thomas, N; Yi Kun Yu, B; Das, S; Orengo, C; ... Gout, I; + view all (2018) Protein CoAlation and antioxidant function of Coenzyme A in prokaryotic cells. Biochemical Journal , 475 (11) pp. 1909-1937. 10.1042/BCJ20180043. Green open access

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Abstract

In all living organisms, Coenzyme A (CoA) is an essential cofactor with a unique design allowing it to function as an acyl group carrier and a carbonyl-activating group in diverse biochemical reactions. It is synthesized in a highly conserved process in prokaryotes and eukaryotes that requires pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), cysteine and ATP. CoA and its thioester derivatives are involved in major metabolic pathways, allosteric interactions and the regulation of gene expression. A novel unconventional function of CoA in redox regulation has been recently discovered in mammalian cells and termed protein CoAlation. Here, we report for the first time that protein CoAlation occurs at a background level in exponentially growing bacteria and is strongly induced in response to oxidizing agents and metabolic stress. Over 12% ofS. aureusgene products were shown to be CoAlated in response to diamide-induced stress. In vitroCoAlation ofS. aureusglyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (SaGAPDH) was found to inhibit its enzymatic activity and to protect the catalytic cysteine 151 from overoxidation by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). These findings suggest that in exponentially growing bacteria CoA functions to generate metabolically active thioesters, while it also has the potential to act as a low molecular weight antioxidant in response to oxidative and metabolic stress.

Type: Article
Title: Protein CoAlation and antioxidant function of Coenzyme A in prokaryotic cells
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1042/BCJ20180043
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20180043
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: coenzyme A, Gram-negative and -positive bacteria, post-translational modification, redox signaling
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Structural and Molecular Biology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10046371
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