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The global effect of maternal education on complete childhood vaccination: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Forshaw, J; Gerver, SM; Gill, M; Cooper, E; Manikam, L; Ward, H; (2017) The global effect of maternal education on complete childhood vaccination: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Infectious Diseases , 17 , Article 801. 10.1186/s12879-017-2890-y. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is an established correlation between maternal education and reduction in childhood mortality. One proposed link is that an increase in maternal education will lead to an increase in health care access and vaccine uptake. Vaccinations are a central preventative child health tool, therefore demonstrating the importance of understanding factors that can improve coverage. This review aims to establish if there is a correlation between increasing maternal education and vaccine uptake and if this varies between continents, setting and time. METHODS: An electronic database search was conducted using Medline Ovid, Embase and The Cochrane Library using a combination of keywords and appropriate MeSH terms for maternal education and child vaccination. Bibliographies were also hand searched. Data was extracted and entered onto a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and analysed using STATA 13.0 software. The primary outcome of effect size of maternal education on completion of childhood vaccinations was analysed at different levels. Secondary outcomes were explored using subgroup analyses of differences between continents, rural or urban settings, and dates. RESULTS: The online search yielded 3430 papers, 37 were included in this study. The analysis showed increasing child vaccination uptake with increasing maternal education. Overall, analysis showed that the odds of full childhood vaccination were 2.3 times greater in children whose mother received secondary or higher education when compared to children whose mother had no education. There was large variability in the effect size between the studies included. CONCLUSIONS: Improving maternal education is important for increasing childhood vaccination uptake and coverage. Further research is needed in higher income countries.

Type: Article
Title: The global effect of maternal education on complete childhood vaccination: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12879-017-2890-y
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2890-y
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s). 2017 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Infectious Diseases, Maternal education, Child health, Vaccination, Immunisation, Immunization Coverage, Children, District, Nigeria, India, Determinants, Predictors, Mortality, Countries, Reasons
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10045666
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