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Abnormal beta power is a hallmark of explicit movement control in functional movement disorders

Teodoro, T; Meppelink, A-M; Little, SJ; Grant, R; Nielson, G; Macerollo, A; Parees, I; (2018) Abnormal beta power is a hallmark of explicit movement control in functional movement disorders. Neurology , 90 (3) e247-e253. 10.1212/WNL.0000000000004830. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sensorimotor beta-frequency oscillatory power is raised during motor preparation in patients with functional movement disorders (FMD) and could therefore be a marker of abnormal “body-focused” attention. METHODS: We analyzed motor performance and beta-frequency cortical oscillations during a precued choice reaction time (RT) task with varying cue validity (50% or 95% congruence between preparation and go cues). We compared 21 patients with FMD with 13 healthy controls (HCs). RESULTS: In HCs, highly predictive cues were associated with faster RT and beta desynchronization in the contralateral hemisphere (contralateral slope −0.045 [95% confidence interval (CI) −0.057 to −0.033] vs ipsilateral −0.033 [95% CI −0.046 to −0.021], p < 0.001) and with a tendency for reaching lower contralateral end-of-preparation beta power (contralateral −0.482 [95% CI −0.827 to −0.137] vs ipsilateral −0.328 [95% CI −0.673 to 0.016], p = 0.069). In contrast, patients with FMD had no improvement in RTs with highly predictive cues and showed an impairment of beta desynchronization and lateralization before movement. CONCLUSIONS: Persistent beta synchronization during motor preparation could reflect abnormal explicit control of movement in FMD. Excessive attention to movement itself rather than the goal might maintain beta synchronization and impair performance.

Type: Article
Title: Abnormal beta power is a hallmark of explicit movement control in functional movement disorders
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000004830
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000004830
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Neurology. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10044791
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