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Oligosaccharide model of the vascular endothelial glycocalyx in physiological flow

Pikoula, M; Tessier, MB; Woods, RJ; Ventikos, Y; (2018) Oligosaccharide model of the vascular endothelial glycocalyx in physiological flow. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics , 22 (2) , Article 21. 10.1007/s10404-018-2037-5. Green open access

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Abstract

Experiments have consistently revealed the pivotal role of the endothelial glycocalyx layer in vasoregulation and the layer’s contribution to mechanotransduction pathways. However, the exact mechanism by which the glycocalyx mediates fluid shear stress remains elusive. This study employs atomic-scale molecular simulations with the aim of investigating the conformational and orientation properties of highly flexible oligosaccharide components of the glycocalyx and their suitability as transduction molecules under hydrodynamic loading. Fluid flow was shown to have nearly no effect on the conformation populations explored by the oligosaccharide, in comparison with static (diffusion) conditions. However, the glycan exhibited a significant orientation change, when compared to simple diffusion, aligning itself with the flow direction. It is the tethered end of the glycan, an asparagine amino acid, which experienced conformational changes as a result of this flow-induced bias. Our results suggest that shear flow through the layer can have an impact on the conformational properties of saccharide-decorated transmembrane proteins, thus acting as a mechanosensor.

Type: Article
Title: Oligosaccharide model of the vascular endothelial glycocalyx in physiological flow
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10404-018-2037-5
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10404-018-2037-5
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Glycocalyx, Molecular dynamics, Mechanotransduction, Flow
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > CHIME
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10044307
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