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Simulating the Coronal Evolution of AR 11437 Using SDO/HMI Magnetograms

Yardley, SL; Mackay, DH; Green, LM; (2018) Simulating the Coronal Evolution of AR 11437 Using SDO/HMI Magnetograms. The Astrophysical Journal , 852 (2) , Article 82. 10.3847/1538-4357/aa9f20. Green open access

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The coronal magnetic field evolution of AR 11437 is simulated by applying the magnetofrictional relaxation technique of Mackay et al. A sequence of photospheric line-of-sight magnetograms produced by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)/Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) is used to drive the simulation and continuously evolve the coronal magnetic field of the active region through a series of nonlinear force-free equilibria. The simulation is started during the first stages of the active region emergence so that its full evolution from emergence to decay can be simulated. A comparison of the simulation results with SDO/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) observations show that many aspects of the active region's observed coronal evolution are reproduced. In particular, it shows the presence of a flux rope, which forms at the same location as sheared coronal loops in the observations. The observations show that eruptions occurred on 2012 March 17 at 05:09 UT and 10:45 UT and on 2012 March 20 at 14:31 UT. The simulation reproduces the first and third eruption, with the simulated flux rope erupting roughly 1 and 10 hr before the observed ejections, respectively. A parameter study is conducted where the boundary and initial conditions are varied along with the physical effects of Ohmic diffusion, hyperdiffusion, and an additional injection of helicity. When comparing the simulations, the evolution of the magnetic field, free magnetic energy, relative helicity and flux rope eruption timings do not change significantly. This indicates that the key element in reproducing the coronal evolution of AR 11437 is the use of line-of-sight magnetograms to drive the evolution of the coronal magnetic field.

Type: Article
Title: Simulating the Coronal Evolution of AR 11437 Using SDO/HMI Magnetograms
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa9f20
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa9f20
Language: English
Additional information: This is the published version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Sun: activity; Sun: corona; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: evolution; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: photosphere
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10043313
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