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Robust Chance-Constrained Secure Transmission for Cognitive Satellite-Terrestrial Networks

Li, B; Fei, Z; Chu, Z; Zhou, F; Wong, KK; Xiao, P; (2018) Robust Chance-Constrained Secure Transmission for Cognitive Satellite-Terrestrial Networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 10.1109/TVT.2018.2791859. (In press). Green open access

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IEEE Cognitive satellite-terrestrial networks (CSTNs) have been recognized as a promising network architecture for addressing spectrum scarcity problem in next-generation communication networks. In this paper, we investigate the secure transmission for CSTNs where the terrestrial base station (BS) serving as a green interference resource is introduced to enhance the security of the satellite link. Adopting a stochastic model for the channel state information (CSI) uncertainty, we propose a secure and robust beamforming framework to minimize the transmit power, while satisfying a range of outage (probabilistic) constraints concerning the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) recorded at the satellite user and the terrestrial user, the leakage-SINR recorded at the eavesdropper, as well as the interference power recorded at the satellite user. The resulting robust optimization problem is highly intractable and the key observation is that the highly intractable probability constraints can be equivalently reformulated as the deterministic versions with Gaussian statistics. In this regard, we develop two robust reformulation methods, namely S-Procedure and Bernstein-type inequality restriction techniques, to obtain a safe approximate solution. In the meantime, the computational complexities of the proposed schemes are analyzed. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed schemes are demonstrated by numerical results with different system parameters.

Type: Article
Title: Robust Chance-Constrained Secure Transmission for Cognitive Satellite-Terrestrial Networks
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/TVT.2018.2791859
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2018.2791859
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Satellite-terrestrial networks, physical-layer security, robust beamforming, outage probability, power minimization
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10043312
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