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A comparison of methods to assess the antimicrobial activity of nanoparticle combinations on bacterial cells

Bankier, C; Cheong, Y; Mahalingam, S; Edirisinghe, M; Ren, G; Cloutman-Green, E; Ciric, L; (2018) A comparison of methods to assess the antimicrobial activity of nanoparticle combinations on bacterial cells. PLoS One , 13 (2) , Article e0192093. 10.1371/journal.pone.0192093. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bacterial cell quantification after exposure to antimicrobial compounds varies widely throughout industry and healthcare. Numerous methods are employed to quantify these antimicrobial effects. With increasing demand for new preventative methods for disease control, we aimed to compare and assess common analytical methods used to determine antimicrobial effects of novel nanoparticle combinations on two different pathogens. METHODS: Plate counts of total viable cells, flow cytometry (LIVE/DEAD BacLight viability assay) and qPCR (viability qPCR) were used to assess the antimicrobial activity of engineered nanoparticle combinations (NPCs) on Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria at different concentrations (0.05, 0.10 and 0.25 w/v%). Results were analysed using linear models to assess the effectiveness of different treatments. RESULTS: Strong antimicrobial effects of the three NPCs (AMNP0-2) on both pathogens could be quantified using the plate count method and flow cytometry. The plate count method showed a high log reduction (>8-log) for bacteria exposed to high NPC concentrations. We found similar antimicrobial results using the flow cytometry live/dead assay. Viability qPCR analysis of antimicrobial activity could not be quantified due to interference of NPCs with qPCR amplification. CONCLUSION: Flow cytometry was determined to be the best method to measure antimicrobial activity of the novel NPCs due to high-throughput, rapid and quantifiable results.

Type: Article
Title: A comparison of methods to assess the antimicrobial activity of nanoparticle combinations on bacterial cells
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192093
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192093
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright: © 2018 Bankier et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10042772
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