UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Engineering the spin polarization of one-dimensional electrons

Yan, C; Kumar, S; Thomas, K; See, P; Farrer, I; Ritchie, DA; Griffiths, J; ... Pepper, M; + view all (2018) Engineering the spin polarization of one-dimensional electrons. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter , 30 (8) , Article 08LT01. 10.1088/1361-648X/aaa7ce. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Yan+et+al_2018_J._Phys.%3A_Condens._Matter_10.1088_1361-648X_aaa7ce.pdf - ["content_typename_Accepted version" not defined]

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

We present results of magneto-focusing on the controlled monitoring of spin polarization within a one-dimensional (1D) channel, and its subsequent effect on modulating the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) in a 2D GaAs electron gas. We demonstrate that electrons within a 1D channel can be partially spin polarized as the effective length of the 1D channel is varied in agreement with the theoretical prediction. Such polarized 1D electrons when injected into a 2D region result in a split in the odd-focusing peaks, whereas the even peaks remain unaffected (single peak). On the other hand, the unpolarized electrons, achieved by reducing the effective length of the 1D channel, do not affect the focusing spectrum and the odd and even peaks remain as single peaks, respectively. The split in odd-focusing peaks is evidence of direct measurement of spin polarization within a 1D channel, where each sub-peak represents the population of a particular spin state. Confirmation of the spin splitting is determined by a selective modulation of the focusing peaks due to the Zeeman energy in the presence of an in-plane magnetic field. We suggest that the SOI in the 2D regime is enhanced by a stream of polarized 1D electrons. The spatial control of spin states of injected 1D electrons and the possibility of tuning the SOI may open up a new regime of spin-engineering with application in future quantum information schemes.

Type: Article
Title: Engineering the spin polarization of one-dimensional electrons
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aaa7ce
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/aaa7ce
Language: English
Additional information: As the Version of Record of this article is going to be/has been published on a gold open access basis under a CC BY 3.0 licence, this Accepted Manuscript is available for reuse under a CC BY 3.0 licence immediately.
Keywords: Spin polarization, spin-orbit interaction, spintronic
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10041790
Downloads since deposit
52Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item