UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Fifty Years of Prefrontal Cortex Research: Impact on Assessment

Burgess, PW; Stuss, DT; (2017) Fifty Years of Prefrontal Cortex Research: Impact on Assessment. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society , 23 (9-10) pp. 755-767. 10.1017/S1355617717000704. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Burgess_cortex_research_impact_on_assessment.pdf - ["content_typename_Published version" not defined]

Download (556kB) | Preview

Abstract

Our knowledge of the functions of the prefrontal cortex, often called executive, supervisory, or control, has been transformed over the past 50 years. After operationally defining terms for clarification, we review the impact of advances in functional, structural, and theoretical levels of understanding upon neuropsychological assessment practice as a means of identifying 11 principles/challenges relating to assessment of executive function. Three of these were already known 50 years ago, and 8 have been confirmed or emerged since. Key themes over this period have been the emergence of the use of naturalistic tests to address issues of "ecological validity"; discovery of the complexity of the frontal lobe control system; invention of new tests for clinical use; development of key theoretical frameworks that address the issue of the role of prefrontal cortex systems in the organization of human cognition; the move toward considering brain systems rather than brain regions; the advent of functional neuroimaging, and its emerging integration into clinical practice. Despite these huge advances, however, practicing neuropsychologists are still desperately in need of new ways of measuring executive function. We discuss pathways by which this might happen, including decoupling the two levels of explanation (information processing; brain structure) and integrating very recent technological advances into the neuropsychologist's toolbox. (JINS, 2017, 23, 755-767).

Type: Article
Title: Fifty Years of Prefrontal Cortex Research: Impact on Assessment
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S1355617717000704
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617717000704
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Control function, Executive function, Frontal lobe, Functional neuroimaging, Neuropsychological tests, Neuropsychology, Prefrontal cortex
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10040233
Downloads since deposit
300Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item