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Molecular basis of AKAP79 regulation by calmodulin

Patel, N; Stengel, F; Aebersold, R; Gold, MG; (2017) Molecular basis of AKAP79 regulation by calmodulin. Nature Communications , 8 , Article 1681. 10.1038/s41467-017-01715-w. Green open access

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Abstract

AKAP79/150 is essential for coordinating second messenger-responsive enzymes in processes including synaptic long-term depression. Ca(2+) directly regulates AKAP79 through its effector calmodulin (CaM), but the molecular basis of this regulation was previously unknown. Here, we report that CaM recognizes a '1-4-7-8' pattern of hydrophobic amino acids starting at Trp79 in AKAP79. Cross-linking coupled to mass spectrometry assisted mapping of the interaction site. Removal of the CaM-binding sequence in AKAP79 prevents formation of a Ca(2+)-sensitive interface between AKAP79 and calcineurin, and increases resting cellular PKA phosphorylation. We determined a crystal structure of CaM bound to a peptide encompassing its binding site in AKAP79. CaM adopts a highly compact conformation in which its open Ca(2+)-activated C-lobe and closed N-lobe cooperate to recognize a mixed α/310 helix in AKAP79. The structure guided a bioinformatic screen to identify potential sites in other proteins that may employ similar motifs for interaction with CaM.

Type: Article
Title: Molecular basis of AKAP79 regulation by calmodulin
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01715-w
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01715-w
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10038628
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