UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Chronic T cell lymphocytosis: a review of 21 cases.

Newland, AC; Catovsky, D; Linch, D; Cawley, JC; Beverley, P; San Miguel, JF; Gordon-Smith, EC; ... Varadi, S; + view all (1984) Chronic T cell lymphocytosis: a review of 21 cases. Br J Haematol , 58 (3) pp. 433-446.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Twenty-one patients are described with a proliferation of morphologically mature T lymphocytes. The clinical course was chronic in most, and splenic enlargement the main clinical finding; skin involvement and lymphadenopathy were rare. The mean lymphocyte count at presentation was 8 X 10(9)/1 (range 0.75-24 X 10(9)/1). Nineteen of these patients showed some form of cytopenia (18 neutropenia, two red cell aplasia, eight thrombocytopenia) and one had hypogammaglobulinaemia. Seven patients had long-standing arthropathy serologically proven to be rheumatoid arthritis and these had previously been considered to have Felty's syndrome. Five of the group have died (three with an aggressive course), but most have remained stable for prolonged periods with a slow increase in peripheral lymphocyte count and marrow infiltration. Spontaneous regression was never observed but in two patients a prolonged remission was achieved by chemotherapy. The lymphocytes were morphologically and phenotypically homogeneous at presentation and remained so post-splenectomy; they contained azurophilic granules, stained with acid phosphatase but weakly or not at all with alpha napthyl acetate esterase. Membrane phenotyping shows the majority of the cells to be E+, Fc gamma+, OKT3+, OKT8+. Most cells do not stain with OKT1-like reagents and a significant number express HLA-Dr. From these and other reported cases it is clear that this condition represents a distinct entity resulting from the expansion of a subset of cytotoxic/suppressor T cells--the question of the benign or neoplastic nature of the disease remains open. Using T cell-specific antisera and E-rosetting techniques, a small percentage of CLL cases have been shown to be of T-cell origin (TCLL) (Dickler et al, 1973; Lille et al, 1973). Estimates of the percentage vary but in most series T-CLL has been diagnosed in less than 5% (Brouet & Seligmann, 1981), and this is supported by date from the M.R.C. Leukaemia Unit which found T-CLL in only 1.5% of 600 cases of CLL examined by marker studies (D. Catovsky, unpublished). Amongst the published reports of T-CLL a variety of clinical and morphological entities have been described including T prolymphocytic leukaemia (TPLL) (Brouet et al. 1975) and adult T cell disease in Japanese (Uchiyama et al, 1977) and West Indian Caribbean groups (ATLL) (Catovsky et al, 1982). In the original series of Brouet & Seligmann (1981) the group was defined as presenting in middle age with marked hepatosplenomegaly, some lymphadenopathy, skin involvement and with an aggressive disease course; peripheral blood and marrow lymphocytosis were variable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Type: Article
Title: Chronic T cell lymphocytosis: a review of 21 cases.
Location: England
Keywords: Adult, Aged, Bone Marrow, Cell Membrane, Child, Preschool, Chronic Disease, Female, Humans, Leukocyte Count, Lymphocytes, Lymphocytosis, Male, Middle Aged, Phenotype, Receptors, Fc, Splenectomy, T-Lymphocytes
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10035768
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item