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Neuropsychological performance in Lewy body dementia and Alzheimer's disease

Walker, Z; Allen, RL; Shergill, S; Katona, CLE; (1997) Neuropsychological performance in Lewy body dementia and Alzheimer's disease. British Journal of Psychiatry , 170 (FEB.) pp. 156-158.

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Abstract

Background: Lewy body dementia (LBD) is emerging as a common cause of degenerative dementia. However, LBD cannot yet be diagnosed with certainty in life. There is some preliminary evidence that the pattern of cognitive impairment in LBD is different from that in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We set out to compare the performance on different subtests of the Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG) of LBD patients and AD patients who were similar in overall degree of cognitive impairment. Methods: All patients were recruited from a memory clinic. LBD (n = 17) was diagnosed according to the McKeith clinical criteria. AD (n = 17) was diagnosed according to MINCDS-ADRDA criteria. The performances of LBD and AD patients on the neuropsychological subscales of the CAMCOG were compared by applying Hotelling's multivariate test of significance and subsequent univariate F tests. Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups on Mini-Mental State Examination and global CAMCOG rating. Hotelling's test with LBD and AD as the between-group factor and the neuropsychological subtests from CAMCOG as dependent variables revealed a statistically significant group effect (P < 0.05). Univariate F tests showed that recall (P < 0.02) and praxis (P < 0.003) significantly contributed to this effect. Conclusions: These results suggest that there may be different neuropsychological profiles in the two conditions, with LBD subjects being better on recall but worse on praxis than those with AD.

Type: Article
Title: Neuropsychological performance in Lewy body dementia and Alzheimer's disease
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10031232
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