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Suramin antagonizes responses to P2-purinoceptor agonists and purinergic nerve stimulation in the guinea-pig urinary bladder and taenia coli.

Hoyle, CH; Knight, GE; Burnstock, G; (1990) Suramin antagonizes responses to P2-purinoceptor agonists and purinergic nerve stimulation in the guinea-pig urinary bladder and taenia coli. Br J Pharmacol , 99 (3) pp. 617-621. 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1990.tb12979.x.

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Abstract

1. Suramin, an inhibitor of several types of ATPase, was investigated for its ability to antagonize responses mediated via P2X-purinoceptors in the guinea-pig urinary bladder and P2Y-purinoceptors in the guinea-pig taenia coli. 2. In isolated strips of bladder detrusor muscle, suramin (100 microM-1 mM) caused a non-competitive antagonism of responses to alpha, beta-methylene ATP with an estimated pA2 of approximately 4.7, and inhibited responses to stimulation of the intramural purinergic nerves, with a similar pA2 value. At a concentration of 10 microM, suramin had little effect, but at a concentration of 1 microM, suramin potentiated responses to alpha,beta-methylene ATP, and potentiated responses to electrical stimulation of intramural purinergic nerves. 3. In isolated strips of taenia coli, in which a standard tone had been induced by carbachol (100 nM), suramin at 100 microM and 1 mM significantly antagonized relaxant responses to ATP (at an EC50 concentration) with an estimated pA2 of 5.0 +/- 0.82 and relaxant responses to electrical stimulation of the intramural non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic inhibitory nerves, either single pulses or trains of 8 Hz for 10 s, with estimated pA2 values of 4.9 +/- 0.93 and 4.6 +/- 1.01, respectively. Suramin had no significant effect at 1 or 10 microM. 4. Suramin, at any of the concentrations tested, did not affect contractile responses to histamine (10 microM) or carbachol (10 microM) in the bladder detrusor preparations. In the taenia coli, suramin did not affect either the relaxant responses to noradrenaline (at an EC50 concentration) or the contractile responses to carbachol (100 nM). 5. Thus, suramin at concentrations above 10 microM blocked actions mediated via P2x- and P2y-purinoceptors in the guinea-pig urinary bladder and taenia coli respectively. Potentiation of purinoceptor-mediated activity was seen only at a low concentration of suramin (1 microM) and only in the urinary bladder (P2x-purinoceptor). For its antagonistic activity suramin did not discriminate between P2X- and P2y-purinoceptors, but it was selective for P2-purinoceptor-mediated activity rather than that mediated via cholinoceptors, adrenoceptors or histamine receptors.

Type: Article
Title: Suramin antagonizes responses to P2-purinoceptor agonists and purinergic nerve stimulation in the guinea-pig urinary bladder and taenia coli.
Location: England
DOI: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1990.tb12979.x
Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Atropine, Autonomic Nervous System, Carbachol, Colon, Electric Stimulation, Guinea Pigs, Histamine, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Muscle, Smooth, Neurons, Norepinephrine, Receptors, Purinergic, Suramin, Urinary Bladder
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10027328
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