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Investigating the association between social interactions and personality states dynamics

Gundogdu, D; Finnerty, AN; Staiano, J; Teso, S; Passerini, A; Pianesi, F; Lepri, B; (2017) Investigating the association between social interactions and personality states dynamics. Royal Society Open Science , 4 (9) , Article 170194. 10.1098/rsos.170194. Green open access

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Abstract

The recent personality psychology literature has coined the name of personality states to refer to states having the same behavioural, affective and cognitive content (described by adjectives) as the corresponding trait, but for a shorter duration. The variability in personality states may be the reaction to specific characteristics of situations. The aim of our study is to investigate whether specific situational factors, that is, different configurations of face-to-face interactions, are predictors of variability of personality states in a work environment. The obtained results provide evidence that within-person variability in personality is associated with variation in face-to-face interactions. Interestingly, the effects differ by type and level of the personality states: adaptation effects for Agreeableness and Emotional Stability, whereby the personality states of an individual trigger similar states in other people interacting with them and complementarity effects for Openness to Experience, whereby the personality states of an individual trigger opposite states in other people interacting with them. Overall, these findings encourage further research to characterize face-to-face and social interactions in terms of their relevance to personality states.

Type: Article
Title: Investigating the association between social interactions and personality states dynamics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.170194
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.170194
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Science & Technology - Other Topics, personality states, social interactions, ego-centric graphlets, experience-sampling method, wearable sensing, linear mixed models, 5-FACTOR MODEL, SITUATION DEBATE, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, BEHAVIOR, TRAITS, PSYCHOLOGY, METAANALYSIS, PERFORMANCE, MANIFESTATION, EXTROVERSION
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10026072
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