UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The crystal structure of perdeuterated methanol hemiammoniate (CD3OD center dot 0.5ND(3)) determined from neutron powder diffraction data at 4.2 and 180 K

Fortes, AD; Wood, IG; Knight, KS; (2010) The crystal structure of perdeuterated methanol hemiammoniate (CD3OD center dot 0.5ND(3)) determined from neutron powder diffraction data at 4.2 and 180 K. Journal of Applied Crystallography , 43 (2) pp. 328-336. 10.1107/S0021889810005595. Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
1163Kb

Abstract

The crystal structure of perdeuterated methanol hemiammoniate, CD3OD center dot 0.5ND(3), has been solved from neutron powder diffraction data collected at 4.2 and 180 K. The structure is orthorhombic, space group Pn2(1)a (Z = 4), with unit-cell dimensions a = 12.70615 (16), b = 8.84589 (9), c = 4.73876 (4) angstrom, V = 532.623 (8) angstrom(3) [rho(calc) = 1149.57 (2) kg m(-3)] at 4.2 K, and a = 12.90413 (16), b = 8.96975 (8), c = 4.79198 (4) angstrom, V = 554.656 (7) angstrom(3) [rho(calc) = 1103.90 (1) kg m(-3)] at 180 K. The crystal structure was determined by ab initio methods from the powder data; atomic coordinates and isotropic displacement parameters were subsequently refined by the Rietveld method to R-p similar or equal to 2% at both temperatures. The crystal structure comprises a three-dimensionally hydrogen-bonded network in which the ND3 molecules are tetrahedrally coordinated by the hydroxy moieties of the methanol molecule. This connectivity leads to the formation of zigzag chains of ammonia-hydroxy groups extending along the c axis, formed via N-D center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds; these chains are cross-linked along the a axis through the hydroxy moiety of the second methanol molecule via N-D center dot center dot center dot O and O-D center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds. This 'bridging' hydroxy group in turn donates an O-D center dot center dot center dot N hydrogen bond to ammonia in adjacent chains stacked along the b axis. The methyl deuterons in methanol hemiammoniate, unlike those in methanol monoammoniate, do not participate in hydrogen bonding and reveal evidence of orientational disorder at 180 K. The relative volume change on warming from 4.2 to 180 K, Delta V/V, is + 4.14%, which is comparable to, but more nearly isotropic (as determined from the relative change in axial lengths, e. g. Delta a/a) than, that observed in deuterated methanol monohydrate, and very similar to what is observed in methanol monoammoniate.

Type:Article
Title:The crystal structure of perdeuterated methanol hemiammoniate (CD3OD center dot 0.5ND(3)) determined from neutron powder diffraction data at 4.2 and 180 K
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI:10.1107/S0021889810005595
Publisher version:http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0021889810005595
Language:English
Additional information:Copyright © International Union of Crystallography Author(s) of this paper may load this reprint on their own web site or institutional repository provided that the cover page is retained. Republication of this article or its storage in electronic databases other than as specified above is not permitted without prior permission in writing from the IUCr. For further information see http://journals.iucr.org/services/authorrights.html
Keywords:AMINE-ALCOHOL SYSTEMS, VAPOR-LIQUID-EQUILIBRIA, GASEOUS MIXTURES, INFRARED-SPECTRA, SOLID METHANOL, TITANS SURFACE, HYDROGEN-BOND, AMMONIA, PHASE, WATER
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Earth Sciences

View download statistics for this item

Archive Staff Only: edit this record